When the upper and lower teeth do not fit snugly and precisely together, this is known as a malocclusion of the bite. In normal teeth, there is a tight, precise fit, with the upper teeth very slightly in front of the lower teeth. If you have a bite malocclusion, there are many treatments available which can help to straighten your teeth. Ask a practitioner of orthodontics near Renton for advice on the best solution for you. Malocclusions can be divided into a number of different categories.
Overjet, overbite, and crossbite
Overjet – also called ‘buck teeth’- is a condition in which the upper teeth protrude past the bottom ones. In overbite , the front teeth are too far forward, extending over the lower teeth. In extreme cases, the top edges of the lower teeth may even hit the roof of the mouth. In cases of crossbite, the upper and lower teeth are misaligned such that the wrong sides of the teeth are in contact with each other.
Gapped, or overcrowded teeth
Some patients may have teeth which are either too widely spaced or too close together. Both gapping and overcrowding can cause a variety of dental health issues.
Rotation and transposition
When a tooth grows at an unusual angle or is slanted with respect to its natural position, this is known as a dental rotation. Sometimes a tooth can also grow into another tooth’s space within the jaw. This process is called transposition.
Misplaced midline and open bite
If the center lines of the upper and lower sets of teeth are not perfectly aligned, this is known as a misplaced midline. If the teeth do not close completely, the condition is called an open bite.
Malocclusions can occur due to a variety of causes. These include hereditary factors; untreated infections and decay, leading to tooth loss; as well as certain behaviors, such as prolonged thumb sucking in childhood. A misaligned bite can be unsightly and can also lead to a number of longer-term dental health problems. If you have a malocclusion, contact your local orthodontist.